Vitamin D is an essential vitamin that is needed for absorption of calcium, boosting of immune system and alleviate inflammation by the body. If you are less exposed to sun and have milk allergies also follow a strict vegetarian diet, you can be more prone to vitamin D deficiency. Vitamin D deficiency can lead to certain diseases such as rickets, a weakened immune system, increased cancer risk, poor hair growth, and osteomalacia. Even excess of vitamin D can cause the body to absorb too much calcium, leading to increased risk of heart disease and kidney stones.
Foods rich in Vitamin D
- Fish Oil
- Beef Liver
- Orange Juice
- Fortified Cereals
Symptoms of Vitamin D Deficiency
- Cardiovascular diseases
- Cognitive impairment in older adults
Reason for Vitamin D Deficiency
- Lack of Proper Sunlight Exposure: Sunlight is necessary for production of Vitamin d, therefore proper exposure of sunlight for at least 20- 30 minutes without application of sunscreen can help.
- Consumption of Vitamin D: Most of the Vitamin d sources are animal based such as, Fish, Fish Oils, Egg Yolks, Fortified Milk and beef Liver. Hence, people on strict vegetarian diet are prone to its deficiency.
- Darker Complexion: People with darker complexion have lower ability of vitamin d production due to the presence of melanin pigment.
- Obese: People with higher BMI (Body Mass Index) value have lower level of vitamin D.