Telehealth and Telemedicine are the latest technology for assistance of healthcare. Its objective is to reach distance or remote areas through telecommunication and information technology. It will assist in providing help to rural area or distant people who need medical guidance immediately. It helps in effective communication between a patient and a medical professional through transmission of data and medical guidance by video conferencing, telephone, mobile app, etc. Fastest digitalization and internet usage, smartphones and webcam has also gained attention. It acts as a driving force to help medical professionals and patients to connect effectively.
Types of Telemedicine:
There are three types of telemedicine and telemedicine categories: Store- and- forward, remote patient monitoring and interactive services. Let’s discuss in detail:
Store-and-Forward: In this type the medical reports (lab reports, medical images or biosignals) is directly transferred to the concerned doctor. Then the doctor connects with its patient and guide him. It does not require the presence of both parties at the same time. In this telemedicine category the clinician requires to consult previous history of medical reports.
Remote Monitoring: This is for chronic disease monitoring such as diabetes, blood pressure, asthma, etc. It is a self monitoring way to keep an eye upon your own disease through monitoring devices. It is also helpful for clinicians to monitor a patient remotely.
Real Time Interactieve: This needs the help of electronic configuration such as webcam for video conferencing in order to be available to face to face interaction through digitalization. It doesn’t need physical presence of patient near the doctor. Thus it can overcome the fear of meeting a physician or visiting hospital. This interaction is possible even sitting at your home or wherever you feel comfortable. The physical gets available through electronic devices and effectively interact from distance.
Pros of Telemedicine:
Telemedicine can prove as blessings for those who can’t connect physically to medical professionals and have an emergency.
- Saves Time: It saves time from visiting clinics or hospitals and waiting for their turn. It can prove to be a boon for the rural areas or the distant people to cut the travelling time and expense and get emergency service.
- Immediate Access: Rural areas people find this technology to be very fruitful as they get easy access and advice for medical help through different communication ways.
- Reduction in No Shows: Through this technology there can be drastic reduction of cancellation of appointment or no shows. People find it very easy way of interaction and efficiently discuss there problems without any concerns.
Cons of Telemedicine:
As we all know that every thing has its own pros and cons. So telemedicine have few cons. Let’s have a look:
- Lack of Digitalization: Not all the rural areas are fully digitalised and people are not educated enough to understand the importance of telemedicine.
- Network Issues: Network fluctuations are the major area of concer Lack of proper network coverage can lead to frequent call drops and hence interrupt the discussion.
- Issue of Licence: Few states doesn’t provide license to telemedicine as the need offline documents of physicians and does not allow online prescription.